ART DECO AN ART MOVEMENT THAT EMERGED TOGETHER WITH ART NOUVEAU AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY. ITS MAJOR INFLUENCES WERE THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT OF WILLIAM MORRIS , SYMBOLISM AND THE PRE-RAPHAELITES. ITS DECORATIVE STYLE SUITED ART LOVERS IN ITS HEYDAY OF THE 1920’S AND 1930’S. AN APPRECIATION OF ITS MANY SIDED CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARCHITECTURE, GRAPHIC DESIGN , FURNITURE , JEWELLRY AND POSTER DESIGN: PART 2

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Flame publishing starts its commentary explaining the different styles employed by Art Deco.

” Art Deco absorbed this aesthetic unity of design but employed different techniques and styles to achieve its aim”. [1].

” Decorative effects were well- defined not willowy sleek not sinuous like Art Nouveau however the new vogue embraced contemporary influences”. [2].

Flame publishing points out that Art Deco flourished during the Inter war years but there was evidence of Art deco style before the First world war as well.

” The Art Deco period is often seen as belonging to the inter-war years but this is too restrictive as objects in the Art Deco style were also created prior to the First world war”.[3].

” The Paris exhibition was a defining moment in the development of the  Art Deco aesthetic -commercialism was as much a driving force as artistic inspiration and as a result of this a wide variety of contemporary artistic influences, a huge amount of styles emerged”. [4].

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The commentary suggests that Art Deco became popular because of its wide use of Poster design.

” Art Deco became increasingly popular after 1925 , despite the highly disparate nature of the exhibits , however visitors recognised that there lay behind the glamorous showcase a powerful movement that propelled design out of drawing rooms and into all areas of Modern Life”. [5].

” During the 1920’s the American Ideal exploded onto the world stage as a tour de force richer than ever before. The Nation was young , brave and ready for change”. [6].

Flame publishing insists that Art Deco to begin with produced specialised expensive items but by the start of the Second World was more and more Mass produced objects were in circulation especially in ceramics.

” Thus the art Deco period curiously combines distinct but related themes. In the early years it was exemplified by sumptuous expensive and hand crafted objects and interiors , but by the 2nd World war mass-produced ceramics and Bakelite Radios were found in homes across Europe and the USA”. [7]

” The early stages of the Art Deco movement were marked by a range of different styles. The Weiner Werkstaffe in Austria were creating arte facts and architectural designs that were characterised by their geometric simplicity”. [8].

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Leon Bakst was an important designer who produced many stylish costumes as can be seen in these poster designs.

” Art Deco was a style that pervaded many aspects of cultural life during its incumbency and drew on numerous sources of inspiration during that time”. [9].

” Leon Bakst was a highly influential designer whose original and flamboyant works stamped their mark on Couture during the Art Deco period”.[10].

Cappiello Leonetto was another important European Designer together with Eileen Gray  who designed Screens and architectural masterpieces which I have displayed in the article.

” During the art Deco period the advertising poster was still a relatively new Art Medium thanks to the invention of Lithography Modern posters had begun to appear in the 1860’s”.[11].

” Eileen Gray’s Screen in Lacquered wood of 1923 shows how the fields of Archaelogy and anthropology were expanding as fast as new cultures and excavations could be pillaged”.[12].

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frank Lloyd wright was another important designer in the Art Deco Movement.

” Art Deco was principally a modern movement and it was in the field of architecture that some of the most radical changes took place”. [13].

” The Posters by Robert Bonfire was used to advertise an event that was to become one of the most significant of the Art Deco period”. [14].

Ruth Reeves and Jean Dunand were two of the designers and artists who soaked every type of cultural development.

” The artists and designers of the Art Deco period absorbed cultures from every direction. The eclectic charm of the decorative arts of the early part of the 20th century owes much to the fine arts and crafts of Japan and China”. [15].

” Ruth Reeves was an influential and original contributor to the Art Deco movement in the USA”. [16].

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Edouard Benedictus was an Important French artist who had a modernist approach to Art Deco.

” Parisien artist- decorator of the 1920’s and 1930’s applied a modernist and innovative approach to the field of carpet and Textile design as enthusiastically as they did to other areas of the decorative arts”. [17].

” Jean Dunand was typical of many artists- decorators of his day, he proved adaptable and was able to transfer his skills to different areas of the Decorative arts”. [18].

This concludes my second part of my discussion of Art Deco and the associated artists and designers who proved to be so popular during the Inter war years. I will conclude my discussion of Art Deco in Part 3.

FOOTNOTES

  1. ART DECO FLAME PUBLISHING .PG.13
  2. DITTO.PG.13
  3. DITTO.PG.14
  4. DITTO.PG.14
  5. DITTO.PG.16
  6. DITTO.PG.16
  7. DITTO.PG.17
  8. DITTO.PG.24
  9. DITTO.PG.26
  10. DITTO.PG.27
  11. DITTO.PG.28
  12. DITTO.PG.30
  13. DITTO.PG.36
  14. DITTO.PG.38
  15. DITTO.PG.50
  16. DITTO.PG.52
  17. DITTO.PG.60
  18. DITTO.PG.136

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One thought on “ART DECO AN ART MOVEMENT THAT EMERGED TOGETHER WITH ART NOUVEAU AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY. ITS MAJOR INFLUENCES WERE THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT OF WILLIAM MORRIS , SYMBOLISM AND THE PRE-RAPHAELITES. ITS DECORATIVE STYLE SUITED ART LOVERS IN ITS HEYDAY OF THE 1920’S AND 1930’S. AN APPRECIATION OF ITS MANY SIDED CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARCHITECTURE, GRAPHIC DESIGN , FURNITURE , JEWELLRY AND POSTER DESIGN: PART 2”

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