ART DECO AN ART MOVEMENT THAT EMERGED TOGETHER WITH ART NOUVEAU AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY. ITS MAJOR INFLUENCES WERE THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT OF WILLIAM MORRIS , SYMBOLISM AND THE PRE-RAPHAELITES. ITS DECORATIVE STYLE SUITED ART LOVERS IN ITS HEYDAY OF THE 1920’S AND 1930’S. AN APPRECIATION OF THE MANY SIDED CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARCHITECTURE , GRAPHIC DESIGN , FURNITURE , JEWELLRY AND POSTER DESIGN:PART 1.

 

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This is the first part of my exploration of the Art deco movement very much allied with Art Nouveau. Alastair Duncan again provides commentary on the development of art Deco as a movement in the 1920’s and 1930’s.

” The Art Deco style was actually conceived in the years 1908-12 , a period usually considered as transitional. Like its predecessors it was an evolving stylew that did not start at any precise moment”. [1].

” The term Art Deco coined in the late 1960’s remains the most appropriate to describe distinctive decorative  arts style which evolved in Europe immediatelt prior to the First World war”. [2].

Duncan now refers to whether innovation was a major consideration of Art deco artists or not.

” Firstly  most Art deco artists were not themselves innovative but rather drew on themes introduced by other modernist artists in the early years of the Century”. [3].

” The City of Bordeau contributed several distinguished artists to the Art Deco movement including Jean Dupas , Eugene Pougheon , and Rene Buthaud”. [4].

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Duncan continues with his commentary of the various different styles of Art Deco Artists.

” Buthaud like Dupas switched media with great facility. his paintings often rendered initially as cartoons for his stained glass Windows incorporate all the softness and sensuality of his designs for ceramics”. [5].

”  Marie Laurencins portraits and floral compositions bordered on the Art Deco style using a distinctly feminine pastel palette. Laurencin worked closely with her brother -in-law Andrew Goult supplying paintings for his ensembles at the annual salons”. [6].

Duncan shows how the modernist style was used in Painting as well as Architecture.

” In Painting as in Sculpture , some artists in the 1920’s adapted a Modernist style in their portrayal of Animals”. [7].

” Books and Fashion illustrators of the 1010-14 years anticipated the Art Deco style that evolved in Paris after the great War , inspired primarily by the 1909 arrival in Paris of Dialghev’s ballet’s and by Leon Bakst’s vivid stage and costume designs”. [8].

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Duncan now comes onto discuss the role of illustrators and Graphic artists who used colourful poster design to advertise certain events.

” Several illustrators warrant special mention Lepape , Erte and Barbier  for eg used a colourful and engaging graphic style which now appears perfectly suited to the Art Deco mood”. [9]

” In the second half of the 1920’s the French Art Deco graphic style reached the United states. there it quickly evolved into a Modernist idiom in which the machines influence was increasing felt eg Futurism”. [10].

Duncan mentions Toulouse Lautrec and Mucha who I have mentioned in my series of articles on art Nouveau.

” The 1920’s poster artists drew on the rich and evolving turn-of-the-century tradition of Toulouse Lautrec and Alphonse Mucha”. [11].

“In the 1920’s Commercial art became a bona fide profession which in turn gave birth to the graphic artist”.[12].

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Duncan continues to review European artists like Buthard and Dupas and also mentions the contribution of Leo Marfurt.

” Many other French painters and graphic artists provided the world of poster Art with intermittent work. Jean Dupas for example turned his hand to a delightful series of advertisement’s for Sax’s fifth avenue”. [13].

” Rene Buthard transposed the Lithesome Maidens on his stoneware vessels to paper some to herald the annual Paris salon’s”. [14].

Duncan continues his commentary mentioning other art Deco artists throughout Europe.

“In Belguim the Swiss born Leo Marfurt formed a 50 year association with a Tobacco Firm”. [15].

 

FOOTNOTES

  1. ART DECO ALASTAIR DUNCAN PG. 7
  2. DITTO.PG.8
  3. DITTO.PG.142
  4. DITTO.PG.145
  5. DITTO.PG.146
  6. DITTO.PG. 146
  7. DITTO.PG.147
  8. DITTO.PG.147
  9. DITTO.PG.149
  10. DITTO.PG.149
  11. DITTO.PG.150
  12. DITTO.PG.150
  13. DITTO.PG.154
  14. DITTO.PG.155
  15. DITTO.PG.155
  16. DITTO.PG.155

 

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One thought on “ART DECO AN ART MOVEMENT THAT EMERGED TOGETHER WITH ART NOUVEAU AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY. ITS MAJOR INFLUENCES WERE THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT OF WILLIAM MORRIS , SYMBOLISM AND THE PRE-RAPHAELITES. ITS DECORATIVE STYLE SUITED ART LOVERS IN ITS HEYDAY OF THE 1920’S AND 1930’S. AN APPRECIATION OF THE MANY SIDED CONTRIBUTIONS TO ARCHITECTURE , GRAPHIC DESIGN , FURNITURE , JEWELLRY AND POSTER DESIGN:PART 1.”

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