This is the concluding part of my discussion of Art Nouveau. flame publishing continues its commentary of the many artists and designers who went to make up this discipline.
” Henry Van de Velde Tropon Food co 1848 . There was a general consensus that change was needed in the field of decorative Arts. this meant that designers needed to take control of their domain master different skills and create a synthesis between Fine art and Design”. .
” In 1900 Paris staged a stupendous World fair. Millions were drawn to the lavish sights of splendid buildings , international exhibits and spectacular night time illuminations”. .
Flame publishing critics continue to mention the contribution of Tiffany studios especially with reference to their glass ware and ceramics.
” Art Nouveau proved to be versatile and global style. Tiffany managed to combine the design qualities of the Arts and Craft movement”. .
” The wassail is a watercolour completed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh for a series of 3 gesso panels for the Ladies Luncheon room at Ingram street tea rooms in Glasgow”. .
Rene Lalique was a French art Nouveau artist very talented in all aspects of design particularly pieces of jewellery.
” Lalique however did not just experiment in Form. He was also influenced by the socialist ideologies of the day. some of which he must have encountered during his studies in England”. .
” Georges De feures worked as a costumier and actor, but was fascinated by the use of symbolism in painting.He practised interior design and began to create his own oils and watercolours with symbolism and women as the main themes of his work”. .
Flame publishing continues to highlight the importance of De Feure and his connection to the Nabis.
” The Art Nouveau aesthetic had many influences , one important influence in France at the end of the 19th Century was the work of a group of artists called the Nabis”. .
” The Belgian poster artist Privat Lievrmont studied in Paris and worked there during the Belle Epoque period”. .
Commentators of Flame publishing continue to comment on Lievrimont and Moser Kolomon who together with Klimt was a leading member of the Vienna secession.
” Posters of the Belle époque came to symbolise the popular culture of the Countries where they were produced. in Paris a prevailing café culture was revealed in Posters advertising achoholic drinks”..
” Moser Kolomon’s design for the 14th exhibition of the Vienna Secession of 1902. the Vienna secession began with 40 members and with the expressed aim of encouraging and creating Art that excited as art for life”..
Joseph M Olbrich’s design for his house is a perfect example of Art Nouveau and its simple elegance and simplicity.
” Olbrich’s work both in Vienna as part of the secessionist movement and in Germany as part of the Jugendstyill movement was an attempt to integrate art into everyday life”. .
” Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Margaret Macdonald’s design for a music room was not even executed during Mackintosh’s lifetime”. .
Margaret Macdonald established her right to be considered a great designer artist and architect with her Gesso drawings and her work in Metalware and cosmetics and in Cloth.
” As the end of the 19th century approached Glasgow was a hotbed of artistic invention and modernity, Charles Rennie Mackintosh , Herbert McNair and their respective wives Margaret and Frances were major proponents of a style that became known as the Glasgow School Style”. .
” Glasgow is more than any other City most closely associated with Art Nouveau and the development in style that took place between 1890-1910″. .
Flame now considers the contributions of William H Bradley the American and the Frenchman Henri Toulouse-Lautrec.
” It was in poster art and graphic design that American designers were particularly innovative”. .
” Henri Toulouse-Lautrec was born into Wealthy and autocratic French family”. .
The Commentary concludes with an appreciation of Gustave Klimt and Alphonse Mucha who both epitomised the grand attractive and sheer beauty of depicting luscious images of Beautiful women as well as expressing the emotional vibrancy of his subjects.
” Packed with Sensuality Symbolist and aesthetic ideology Klimt’s art could only find favour with those who understood his profound and challenging vision”. .
” Alphonse Mucha is one of the most famous names associated with the Art Nouveau period particularly in the field of Poster art”. .
This now concludes my discussion of Art Nouveau . In my following articles I will consider the impact of Art Deco , an accompanying movement which blossomed during the 1930’s.
- ART NOUVEAU FLAME PUBLISHING .PG. 96