ART NOUVEAU , A STYLE THAT EMERGED IN THE 1880’S AND WAS CLEARLY ALLIED WITH ART DECO. IT OWED ITS DEVELOPMENT TO THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT OF WILLIAM MORRIS AND ARTHUR HEYGATE MCMURDO. A CELEBRATION OF ARTISTIC BEAUTY IN ALL ITS FORMS. AN APPRECIATION OF ART NOUVEAU AND THE MANY ARTISTS AND DESIGNERS WHO PROPAGATED ITS STYLE BEFORE IT WAS EXTINGUISHED AS EUROPE WAS PLUNGED INTO THE FIRST WORLD WAR. PART 2

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In the second part of my investigation into Art Nouveau Alastair Duncan continues his commentary on Art Nouveau artists and designers in Europe.

” The Dutch painters too Tooroop and Thorn Pukker included posters in their artistic Repetoire”. [1].

” A far different decorative vernacular was adopted in the 1890’s by Peter Behrens who relied on simplified forms and single block colours to impart a modernist effect”. [2].

Duncan continues to give importance to the Vienna secessionist Movement of Klimt and others.

” The Vienna secession founded in 1897 formed iots own avant-garde publication Versacrum to which progressive artists and writers were invited to contribute”. [3].

” The influence of English artists on the Art Nouveau movement in its entirety has already been described”. [4].

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Duncan now goes on to describe the contribution of Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh who was at ease with metal ware as she was with other materials.

” In Glasgow Margaret Macdonald applied the same stylisations to her graphic work as she had to her earlier metal ware and embroidery , elongated human forms and asymmetrical geometric patters were rendered primarily in black and white”. [5].

” From 1900 when she married Mackintosh her work is often indistinguishable from his”. [6].

Duncan now considers Art Nouveau in the United states and the most important artist was William Bradley.

” In the United States where European developments were readily traceable in the art reviews of the era William Bradley emerged as the foremost draughtsman, illustrator and poster designer in the art Nouveau idiom”. [7].

Flame Publishing in its book on Art Nouveau considers how the first development of Art Nouveau produced an International artistic outlook.

” Although the first phase of art Nouveau celebrated skilled Labour not mass production the movement evolved to become a widespread International design force that eventually incorporated elements of Industrial Manufacture”. [8].

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Flame publishing a collective continues with its commentary on the Art Nouveau movement.

” Art Nouveau first emerged in in the 1890’s particularly in Brussels Paris and London”. [9].

” Although England never developed the Art Nouveau aesthetic with the same aplomb as continental Europe it nevertheless constituted enormously to its development”. [10].

The Commentary continues to  explain the talent and brilliance of the Glasgow school led of course by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

” In Scotland Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Glasgow School followed a  different path while still reliant on craftsmanship. The result was an astonishingly original and Modern Look which brought light , into every corner of a building and united interiors with recurring  symbolist motifs”. [11].

” The result was a plethora of styles. art Nouveau is impossible to define as a single aesthetic despite its short reign , although it was arguably the first great International style”. [12].

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The Tiffany studios under the direction of Louis Comfort Tiffany produced many examples of designed and attractive glassware. they were also used as Posters to advertise their developing business.

” The Glasswork of Louis Comfort Tiffany ( 1848-1933) has come to epitomise much of the glory of the art Nouveau movement”. [13].

” Aubrey Beardsley Salome . despite a short life Aubrey Beardsley made a significant contribution to the development of British art and the Art Nouveau movement in particular”. [14].

Flame publishing now comes to discuss the many talented Alphonse Mucha whose depictions of  Women attracted a lot of interest especially as they were portrayed as   erotic and enticing normally advertising some merchandise.

” Mucha’s huge contribution to Art Nouveau was complex. as an anti-rationalist (subjective Idealist)  Mucha dabbled in the Occult and he was fascinated by spirituality and Mysticism. His work demonstrated how the new Art  came to mean different things to different groups”. [15].

” Rene Lalique like other gifted artists designers of the day challenged the traditional notion that one should be master of a single skill”. [16].

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Flame publishing now considers the artistic merits of Georges de Feure , Margaret McDonald and Gustave Klimt.

” The work of Georges de feure  encapsulates much of the French interpretation of the art Nouveau movement”. [17].

” Her Work (Margaret Macdonald) was influential in the development of the art Nouveau movement and Mackintosh himself always acknowledged the huge contribution she made to the success of his architectural designs”. [18].

” Klimt’s work (part of the Vienna secessionist Movement) is typical of the profound historical and ideological changes that were taking place at the end of the century. Klimt had an aesthetic , ideology and understood why Art needed to explore deeply into emotion”. [19].

This concludes the 2nd part of my exploration of the Art Nouveau movement .In Part 3 I will conclude my research into this fascinating and decorative movement which was so attractive before the onset of Imperialist war in 1914.

FOOTNOTES

  1. ART NOUVEAU ALASTAIR DUNCAN PG.97
  2. DITTO.PG.97
  3. DITTO.PG.98
  4. DITTO.PG.98
  5. DITTO.PG.99
  6. DITTO.PG.99
  7. DITTO.PG.100
  8. ART NOUVEAU FLAME PUBLISHING. PG.13
  9. DITTO.PG.12
  10. DITTO.PG.14
  11. DITTO.PG.14
  12. DITTO.PG.17
  13. DITTO.PG.26
  14. DITTO.PG.30
  15. DITTO.PG.38
  16. DITTO.PG.48
  17. DITTO.PG.54
  18. DITTO.PG.72
  19. DITTO.PG.82

 

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